Are you a perfectionist? Are you anxious and afraid of germs? Do you worry about thoughts that make you uncomfortable? Do you have to do things lots of times to get them “just right”?
If so, you may suffer from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder or OCD. This condition is not only unpleasant, but it can also be disruptive to your life, your job, and your health. And it seems to be getting more prevalent these days.
So, the next question is, “how common is OCD?” Read this article to find out.
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Demographic Breakdown of Ocd
How common is OCD? OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) is one of the most common mental disorders. One study found that it affects 2.3 percent of adults and 1.0 percent of children worldwide.
It is estimated that 1.2 percent of the population is affected, that is, over 3.3 million people. A demographic breakdown revealed that OCD affects both men and women in similar ratios.
The most frequently affected age demographics are between 18 and 44 years old. OCD symptoms also tend to be slightly more common among men than women of the same age.
Symptoms That Demonstrate OCD
Symptoms of OCD are often grouped into four categories, including obsession, contamination, hoarding, and symmetry. Obsessions consist of persistent and intrusive unwanted thoughts, such as a fear of germs or an irrational belief that something bad will happen.
Compulsions are repetitive behaviors that are performed with the intention of reducing the anxiety caused by the obsession. For example, excessive hand washing or counting are both considered compulsions.
People who struggle with OCD behavior may also avoid activities or objects that they fear are contaminated or engage in rituals that are driven by symmetry and alignment.
Chronic vs. Acute OCD
Chronic OCD is defined as having symptoms of OCD for six months or more, whereas acute OCD is defined as having symptoms of OCD that occur episodically for less than six months.
Acute OCD is typically less debilitating than chronic OCD and may be more treatable. However, many people experience varying levels of symptoms with chronic OCD.
Treatment options, such as medication and therapy, can be very effective at diminishing the debilitating symptoms of OCD.
Mental Health Care for Those With OCD
Mental health care for those with OCD can include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), relaxation training, and medications such as antidepressants and anxiolytics.
OCD sufferers are generally encouraged to combine behavioral and pharmacological strategies, depending on the severity and needs of the individual.
Mental health treatment is extremely beneficial and can improve the overall quality of life of OCD sufferers. Seeking professional help like an OCD therapist and treatment for OCD is the best way to ensure you are getting the most effective care for your condition.
Learning How Common Is OCD
By examining the prevalence of how common is OCD, as well as recognizing its impact on everyday life, it is clear that OCD takes a heavy toll on many people.
If you or someone you know is living with OCD, know that help and understanding are available. Reach out to a mental health care professional for support and resources.
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